Description of Transactional Analysis and Games by Dr Eric Berne MD

adult ego

Lisa has taught at all levels from kindergarten to college and has a master’s degree in human relations. Relational school – outlined by Charlotte Sills and Helena Hargaden in their book “Transactional Analysis a Relational Perspective”. This school draws strongly on the humanistic idea that the therapeutic relationship and empathy are central to the healing process.

According to the rules, can meet their families on certain days of week and in some crimes, they can have some leaves per in the month. The young child decides on a life-script because it represents the best strategy that the child can work out to survive and get by in what often seems like a hostile world. In our Child ego-state, we may still be believing that any threat to our infant picture of the world is a threat to the satisfaction of our needs, or even to our survival. Thus we may sometimes distort our perception of reality so that it fits our script. They are always used when we want to indicate that we are referring to the ego-states . A small letter beginning the word shows we mean a real-life parent, adult or child.

What Is Transactional Analysis?

Modern Schools of TA are referred to as ‘second wave’ and have significantly influenced TA practice in recent years. Practitioners combine these new ideas with the Classical School to produce a contemporary, research-based approach to client work. The goal of TA is to help clients strengthen theirAdult Ego Stateand enhance their communications with other people. He believed that human beings have three distinct attitudes or states of mind which he calledego states. Berne believed that communication with others comes from three distinct parts of self which he called ego states. All transactions are initiated via the use of a transactional stimulus.


It is a way in which we manifest a part of our personality at a given time. As a theory of personality, TA gives us a picture of how people are structured psychologically. To do so it uses a three-part model known as the ego-state model. The same model helps us understand how people function – how they express their personality in terms of behavior.

Understanding transactions: Complementary, Crossed & Ulterior

As a member, you’ll also get unlimited access to over 88,000 lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. TheRedecision School – developed by Bob and Mary Goulding who integrated TA withGestaltto make a powerful, vibrant means of personal change. Feelings that the child learns are acceptable and/or desired, which are used to replace the real feelings which a parent may find unacceptable. Life Scripts.How messages we receive as children help us build a view of ourselves and others which through therapy we can change.

He highlighted the fact that facial expressions, gestures, body language, and tone may be regarded as more importransaction analysisnt by the receiver than any spoken words. In his book Games People Play, he noted that people may sometimes communicate messages underpinned with ulterior motives. This is one the classic crossed transactions that occurs in marriage. Instead of the Respondent’s Adult responding with “I think they’re on the desk”, it is the Respondent’s Child that responds back. A more comprehensive understanding of Berne’s ego states can be obtained by consulting Games People Play or Transactional Analysis in Psychotherapy, both by Dr. Berne. Information on both of these books can be found in the Bibliography page.